Utah Rock Formations, Mountains and Caves

Some of the most spectacular can be seen at Bryce Canyon, Arches National Park, Canyonlands, Capitol Reef, Natural Bridges, Cathedral Valley, and Monument Valley.
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Island in the Sky District with the Green River

Island in the Sky District with the Green River in Canyonlands National Park

Utah is known for its amazing rock formations, including spires, pinnacles, hoodoos, natural bridges, and arches, as well as buttes and canyons.

Some of the most spectacular can be seen at ZionBryce Canyon, Arches, Canyonlands, Capitol Reef, Natural Bridges, Cathedral Valley, and Monument Valley.

The Island in the Sky is a massive plateau within Canyonlands National Park with excellent off-roading possibilities and wild rides for those who dare to attempt the White Rim Road which precariously floats 1,000-feet above the Canyonlands terrain. Also in the park is Upheaval Dome, a three-mile section of deformed rock layers that have been shaped into a dome. No one quite knows how this dome was formed, but one theory contends that a large meteorite may have been involved.

Utah Mountain Ranges

Snow-covered Lake Catherine in the Wasatch National Forest near Salt Lake City

Snow-covered Lake Catherine in the Wasatch National Forest near Salt Lake City

Utah is also noted for its significant mountain ranges. When you drive out of Salt Lake City, the nearby Wasatch Range has endless opportunities for outdoor recreation, hiking, and, when it is the season for snow, both downhill and cross-country skiing. 

The La Sal Mountains seen through Delicate Arch in Arches National Park.

The La Sal Mountains seen through Delicate Arch in Arches National Park

The La Sal Mountains, part of the Rocky Mountains, lie on the east side of the state, encompass the Moab region and form a backdrop for Arches National Park.

The second-highest range in Utah, they are part of the Manti-La Sal National Forest, with hills full of vivid colors in the fall.

The primitive Henry Mountains create the headwaters for the Fremont River, which flows north into the Dirty Devil River and south into the Colorado River where it meets Lake Powell. 

Boulder Mountain is the formation to the west of Capitol Reef National Park. The mountain is relatively flat on top and worth the trouble to explore during its brief snow-free weeks. It harbors numerous small natural lakes nestled within undulating forests and flowering meadows. Part of the Dixie National Forest, it is the highest timbered plateau on the continent.

Utah Caves

The Heart of the Cave in Timpanogos Cave National Monument

The Heart of the Cave in Timpanogos Cave National Monument

The Sheep Creek Cave is a wild, watery cave near Flaming Gorge in the Ashley National Forest that is open to spelunkers during the summer months, with permit by the Manila Ranger District.

Scenic Whiterocks Cave, near Roosevelt, poses a lottery that, if won, allows your group to go on a free ranger-led tour.

Mammoth Cave near Duck Creek in the Dixie National Forest is a large lava tube with over 2,200 feet of passageways. Only a few thousand years old, it supports several bat species as well as small birds and animals. This wild cave has no tours, lights or amenities.

Ice Cave, just east of Cedar City, is also a wild cave that contains year-round icicles.

The Wasatch-Cache National Forest is home to Wind Caves, a fascinating triple arch cave cut out of limestone by wind and water. The two-mile trial offers interpretive kiosks at the trailhead which winds through Witch's Castle and views of the China Wall. 

The Timpanogos Cave National Monument, also in the Wasatch Mountains, is a great summer hike with an elevation gain of over 1,000 feet with views of the American Fork Canyon before entering the three chambers of the cave.

Rangers lead you through the Hansen Cave, a tour that takes you on a caving expedition sans electric lights (except for head lights worn by the participants) and paved pathways. The crawl, scramble and hike is strenuous and exhilarating if you don't mind total darkness, tight spaces and heading blindly into the unknown. Once you are hooked, join the National Speleological Society to find a local caving club that can teach you about cave exploration, preservation and fan clubs.

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Need a map? Download an overview map of the Utah National Parks Area for basic road and attraction locations. Want a detailed topographical map of trails in the parks? Buy the complete Utah National Parks Map Pack with 5 detail maps, trail mileages and difficulty ratings printed on waterproof, tear-resistant material.

Related

Location of Utah national parks

Where are Utah's National Parks?

Zion, Bryce Canyon, Canyonlands, Capitol Reef, and Arches national parks are in the southern part of Utah and close to the Grand Canyon in Arizona.